Bayan - Russian button accordion - баян
Bayan - Russian button accordion history
BAYAN - Russian button accordion description
BAYAN - Russian button accordion - differs from western chromatic button accordions in some details of construction: the differences between a Bayan instrument and Western Chromatic Button accordions. Register switches may be operated with the chin on some larger models and Converter switches to go from standard pre-set chords to free bass (individual bass notes) are common on the larger instruments. These may be common characteristics of the Bayan instrument, but they are not unique characteristics that differentiate the Bayan. Both chin switches and converter bass switches (from stradella to free bass) are commonly found on both Button Chromatic and Piano Keyboard accordions, usually of the professional caliber instruments. As far as chin switches go, just like on the larger Bayan instruments, on CBA and Piano Keyboard instruments, you will often see chin switches on the largest, often custom built instruments used by professional (classical) players and those still participating in competitions. The Bayan seems to be becoming the standard, but Piano Keyboard and Western Chromatic Accordions are still in use. Likewise, the standard seems to be Free-Bass or converter system for competing and professional performers. Giulietti was one of the “pioneers” implementing the converter system on the piano accordion back in the 60’s. Having said all that, there is still nothing that compares to the sound of the Bayan. I was fortunate to hear many great bayan players including Victor Danilochkin among others. Reeds are broader and rectangular. Reeds are often attached in large groups to a common plate (rather than in pairs); the plates are screwed to the reed block (rather than attached with wax). The melody-side keyboard is attached near the middle of the body (rather than at the rear). Reeds are generally not tuned with tremolo. Register switches may be operated with the chin on some larger models. The diminished seventh chord row is shifted, so that the diminished seventh G chord is where one would expect the diminished seventh C chord in the Stradella bass system. Converter switches to go from standard pre-set chords to free bass (individual bass notes) are common on the larger instruments. Newer instruments may feature a register, where every tone played actually produces a perfect fifth. The differences in internal construction give the bayan a different tone color from western instruments, especially the bass has a much fuller sound. Because of their range and purity of tone, bayans are often the instrument of choice for accordion virtuosi who perform classical and contemporary classical music.
Russian button accordion BAYAN video
Russian "Two Step Dance" - «Девочка Надя»
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RUSSIAN FOLK SONGS "OTRADA" and "IN THE FOREST"
Victor Danilochkin performes with New York based Cossack song, music and dance during the concert in Brooklyn, New York on Saturday, June 23, 2007.
Russian folk button accordion GARMOSHKA video
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